Czech Technical Uni - State sponsored malware
State sponsored malware is becoming increasingly sophisticated, more stable, invisible, reliable and universal. While malware comes in "all shapes and sizes", the key determinant in identifying malware as state-sponsored is the purpose for which it was created - notably data-gathering, cyberespionage or sabotage with particular data-stealing capabilities, communicating back to certain regions and countries in the world, using advanced infiltration tactics, and employing multiple data theft mechanisms. Unlike mass cybercrime which usually attacks as much users as possible, state sponsored malware is much more targeted. Another distinguished feature is the massive knowledge about low-level processes, enabling to attack firmware or even create hardware with malware built-in.